Child Laborers Mine Cobalt For Our Electric Cars —Too ‘Green Smart ‘ By Half!

Child miners aged four living a hell on Earth so YOU can drive an electric car: Awful human cost in squalid Congo cobalt mine that Michael Gove didn’t consider in his ‘clean’ energy crusade

From The Daily Mail

Sky News investigated the Katanga mines and found Dorsen, 8,
and Monica, 4
The pair were working in the vast mines of the Democratic Republic
of Congo
They are two of the 40,000 children working daily in the mines,
checking rocks for cobalt

By Barbara Jones for The Mail on Sunday

Published: 17:01 EDT, 5 August 2017 | Updated: 08:37 EDT, 6 August 2017

Picking through a mountain of huge rocks with his tiny bare hands, the exhausted little boy makes a pitiful sight.

His name is Dorsen and he is one of an army of children, some just four years old, working in the vast polluted mines of the Democratic Republic of Congo, where toxic red dust burns their eyes, and they run the risk of skin disease and a deadly lung condition. Here, for a wage of just 8p a day, the children are made to check the rocks for the tell-tale chocolate-brown streaks of cobalt – the prized ingredient essential for the batteries that power electric cars.

And it’s feared that thousands more children could be about to be dragged into this hellish daily existence – after the historic pledge made by Britain to ban the sale of petrol and diesel cars from 2040 and switch to electric vehicles.

Eight-year-old Dorsen is pictured cowering beneath the raised hand of an overseer who warns him not to spill a rock

It heralds a future of clean energy, free from pollution but – though there can be no doubting the good intentions behind Environment Secretary Michael Gove’s announcement last month – such ideals mean nothing for the children condemned to a life of hellish misery in the race to achieve his target.

Dorsen, just eight, is one of 40,000 children working daily in the mines of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The terrible price they will pay for our clean air is ruined health and a likely early death.

Almost every big motor manufacturer striving to produce millions of electric vehicles buys its cobalt from the impoverished central African state. It is the world’s biggest producer, with 60 per cent of the planet’s reserves.

The cobalt is mined by unregulated labour and transported to Asia where battery manufacturers use it to make their products lighter, longer-lasting and rechargeable.

The planned switch to clean energy vehicles has led to an extraordinary surge in demand. While a smartphone battery uses no more than 10 grams of refined cobalt, an electric car needs 15kg (331 lb)

Goldman Sachs, the merchant bank, calls cobalt ‘the new gasoline’ but there are no signs of new wealth in the DRC, where the children haul the rocks brought up from tunnels dug by hand.

Adult miners dig up to 600ft below the surface using basic tools, without protective clothing or modern machinery. Sometimes the children are sent down into the narrow makeshift chambers where there is constant danger of collapse.

Cobalt is such a health hazard that it has a respiratory disease named after it – cobalt lung, a form of pneumonia which causes coughing and leads to permanent incapacity and even death.

Even simply eating vegetables grown in local soil can cause vomiting and diarrhoea, thyroid damage and fatal lung diseases, while birds and fish cannot survive in the area.

No one knows quite how many children have died mining cobalt in the Katanga region in the south-east of the country. The UN estimates 80 a year, but many more deaths go unregistered, with the bodies buried in the rubble of collapsed tunnels. Others survive but with chronic diseases which destroy their young lives. Girls as young as ten in the mines are subjected to sexual attacks and many become pregnant.

Dorsen and 11-year-old Richard are pictured. With his mother dead, Dorsen lives with his father in the bush and the two have to work daily in the cobalt mine to earn money for food.

When Sky News investigated the Katanga mines it found Dorsen, working near a little girl called Monica, who was four, on a day of relentless rainfall.

Dorsen was hauling heavy sacks of rocks from the mine surface to a growing stack 60ft away. A full sack was lifted on to Dorsen’s head and he staggered across to the stack. A brutish overseer stood over him, shouting and raising his hand to threaten a beating if he spilt any.

With his mother dead, Dorsen lives with his father in the bush and the two have to work daily in the cobalt mine to earn money for food.

Dorsen’s friend Richard, 11, said that at the end of a working day ‘everything hurts’.

In a country devastated by civil wars in which millions have died, there is no other way for families to survive. Britain’s Department for International Development (DFID) is donating £10.5million between June 2007 and June 2018 towards strengthening revenue transparency and encouraging responsible activity in large and small scale artisanal mining, ‘to benefit the poor of DRC’.

There is little to show for these efforts so far. There is a DRC law forbidding the enslavement of under-age children, but nobody enforces it.
The UN’s International Labour Organisation has described cobalt mining in DRC as ‘one of the worst forms of child labour’ due to the health risks.

Soil samples taken from the mining area by doctors at the University of Lubumbashi, the nearest city, show the region to be among the ten most polluted in the world. Residents near mines in southern DRC had urinary concentrates of cobalt 43 higher than normal. Lead levels were five times higher, cadmium and uranium four times higher.

The worldwide rush to bring millions of electric vehicles on to our roads has handed a big advantage to those giant car-makers which saw this bonanza coming and invested in developing battery-powered vehicles, among them General Motors, Renault-Nissan, Tesla, BMW and Fiat-Chrysler.


2 thoughts on “Child Laborers Mine Cobalt For Our Electric Cars —Too ‘Green Smart ‘ By Half!

  1. “children condemned to a life of hellish misery in the race to achieve his target”

    If we remove the electric car/cobalt connection and the entire gasoline vs battery framing we are left with the story of Africa still catching up. Gove is just a talking head.

    Modern Britain was built on child labour. Canada as well.

    Mikey Pearson sounded as dumb as Diefenbunk did on Nuclear back in the day. We supplied the material to make the WMDs for WWII and then we all curled up behind Joni Mitchell’s dreadnought in the 60’s as if we never knew nothing during our cold war. Duck, duck, goose and cover!

    “The terrible price they will pay for our clean air is ruined health and a likely early death.”

    Clear the air. Find a more professional, informed journalist to copy paste?

    My daughter’s name is Monica. She is 4. She could have written this little shit-stain of an article for stunned Barbara Jones and actually addressed the historical geopolitics underlying the clean air for dirty lungs movement in the Congo.

    Vroteier[from Wiki]
    A similar, common Afrikaner game is called “vroteier”, meaning rotten egg. Instead of saying anything or pointing at anybody a token of some kind (usually a handkerchief) is carried by the one who is “on” going around the circle of sitting players. The token is then dropped behind one of the sitting players who are not allowed to look behind themselves, but can feel with their hands on the ground behind them. If the one behind whom the token has been dropped, discover it, he or she jumps up and chase the one who dropped the token. If the player who was “on” is caught and tagged, he or she will go sit in the middle of the circle and become a rotten egg (vroteier) and the player who did the chasing becomes the next one to be “on”. If the player who was “on” was chased all the way around the circle, he or she goes and sit in the place of the player behind whom the token was dropped and that player is then the next one to be “on”. If the player behind whom the token has been dropped does not become aware of it and the “on” player went all the way around the circle and catch the player on the ground with the token still behind him or her, the player so caught becomes another rotten egg to sit in the middle. The “on” player remains “on”, pick up the token again and repeat the process. The game can continue until there is only one person left who is not a rotten egg or more usually when the “rotten eggs” get tired of sitting in the middle and demand to play another game.


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